It is at the centre of our galaxy, and is responsible for the consumption of stars and planets in the universe, one thing that has been confirmed by many scientists is that black holes exist. However, Samir Mathur proposes a different theory called the “Fuzzball Theory”. Mathur, who is a professor of physics at Ohio State University, theorizes that instead of all matter being destroyed it is replicated as a hologram.
A black hole is classically described as a giant ball of matter, with a gravitational pull so strong that it eventually collapses in on itself, creating what is known as a singularity. The Fuzzball Theory, on the other hand, is derived from string theory and defines black holes as spheres made up of cosmic strings, which have a definite volume but do not exist in a single point in space. As well, the event horizon (edge) of the black hole instead of being defined as it is in the classical theory, would have a ‘fuzzy’ edge in the Fuzzball Theory.
The Fuzzball Theory is actually responsible for the other theories developed around black holes. A group of researchers were determining the validity of the Fuzzball Theory when they came up with the Firewall Theory, which is responsible for the destructive nature of the classic black hole, where anything that the black hole touches gets immediately incinerated.
Mathur and his team have been continuing to research the Fuzzball Theory and there have been results that disagree with the destructive nature of the black hole. Instead of annihilating anything that passes the event horizon, instead is copied into a near-perfect hologram. This theory would stipulate that if the Earth were to be consumed by a black hole instead of the whole planet dying, we might not even notice it happened. We would carry on with our day as if nothing had happened. This theory would then suggest that not only are the planets and stars that are consumed by the holographic producing black holes, but the entire universe as well.
The use of near-perfect is important as the theory of complementarity concludes that the hologram, such as is described by Mathur, can on be possible if the replica is perfect. This suggestion would indicate that the hologram of whatever is being copied will only exist if it’s perfect, therefore by being near-perfect would indicate that there would be no hologram produced of the Earth should it be sucked into a black hole.
A perfect replica would only exist if a perfect black hole were to exist. Mathur describes black holes much like snowflakes, in that each one is different and unique in itself. Therefore, even if the Fuzzyball Theory has justification, there is still no guarantee that the Earth will be replicated.
These two theories are extremely different and now it will be up to scientists and physicists to determine which is the accurate one, or is there an entirely different possibility. Only time will tell on which will hold true.